Rule of Law
UNDP works to strengthen the rule of law, with a specific emphasis on citizen security and access to justice. Efforts are underway to support the Government, civil society and communities striving to build strong, accountable legitimate institutions free of pervasive corruption, and resilient societies. The prerequisite and enabler of sustainable economic growth is confidence in a functioning rule of law where justice and security exist. We work with partners to reform the justice and security sectors to create such an environment.
Since 2001, UNDP and the donor community have been working closely with the government to build and maintain a professional police force and implement the Ministry of Interior Affairs’ reform priorities. In 2002, the Administrator of UNDP established the Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) as a mechanism to fund police salaries.
The task at hand is for the MOIA to transform the police force from a counter-insurgency oriented force into a community police force focused on enforcing the rule of law and combatting crime.
In 2015, UNDP, donors and the Afghan Government agreed to set up projects to include building capacity to manage payroll functions, improving institutions within the MOIA, reforming laws and procedures, professionalizing police, and enhancing police-community partnerships. There are now two projects under LOTFA: Support to Payroll Management (SPM) and MOIA and Police Development (MPD).
Access to Justice
UNDP works to build the capacity of Afghan justice sector institutions and to ensure access to justice for all, especially women, children, prisoners and detainees.
The Legal Aid Grant Facility, which UNDP helped establish in 2013, offers legal aid to approximately 1,000 prisoners, detainees, women and children every year across eight provinces. UNDP is working to expand this service to an additional six provinces and to ensure the facility takes on the cases that lawyers from the Ministry of Justice’s Legal Aid Department cannot undertake. We are also helping to improve monitoring and evaluation, case allocation mechanisms and the development of a database to get better insight into the demand and provision of legal aid services all over Afghanistan.
Legal awareness raising activities will complement this work, which mainly focus on vulnerable groups at provincial and district level, via radio and billboard campaigns, as well as legal aid visits from law clinic students to rural districts to provide pro bono support and raise awareness of legal rights and due process.
UNDP works with partners to address sexual and gender-based violence issues; we work to increase women’s participation and leadership in justice and security institutions.
UNDP supports coordination among justice sector institutions through the design of standard operating procedures and a sector-wide manual on the Elimination of Violence Against Women(EVAW). We also support the recently established pilot EVAW Court in Kabul. This court handles cases of violence against women, and combines a punitive approach with support for victims.
UNDP places emphasis on increasing the role of women in the Afghan police force, accordingly for the first time a gender work plan was developed and a series of trainings were held to change the discriminatory attitudes towards female police. In line with the MOIA Strategic Plan to increase the number of female police to 5000 by 2020, we helped to train over 3000 female police officers.