6 Ensure Security

Where are we?

The Afghan National Army has been progressively developing both fighting elements and enabling capacities. The Afghan National Forces (ANSF) participates in all, and led 92% routine tasks and high-level operations, including special operations. At the same time, more ANA battalions receiving professional military training and ANA fielding nationwide have increased. Increasing number of ANP personnel are receiving training and public confidence in their ability to ensure security has increased to its highest and satisfactory level.

Military expenditure in Afghanistan has increased level-high over the past decade and it is expected to further increase as a result of transfer of security responsibilities from international forces to Afghan security forces. Funding for the security sector remains a concern particularly at a time when donor funding will progressively shrink.

As long as demining and safe destroying of ERW are concerned, almost all of the stockpiled unexploded ordinances are either destroyed or transferred to ANA bunkers if they were functional. All of the collected anti-personal and anti-tank mines are destroyed. Likewise, number and size of highly impacted and hazardous areas have decreased. With regards to poppy cultivation, GDP share of opium has decreased by 3% and in 2012 percentage of people sourcing their livelihood from poppy cultivation has decreased as well.

UNDP's work in Afghanistan

  • A member of the media attends a workshop in Kabul on the Access to Information Law. Photo: UNDP Afghanistan / 2015

    Improving Accountability Through Access to Information

    Kabul, April 2015 — While doing a story on maternal health in Afghanistan, journalist Mary Nabardaeen wanted to know how many women had died in childbirth at amore

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population