Despite significant achievements in disarmament and demobilization of ex combatants, clearance of mines, peace building and human security, significant security challenges remain. The decades of civil war and the recent insurgency have generated considerable amounts of weapons, mines and ammunition across the country. Other salient challenges towards rule of law and livelihood include slow pace of police reform process, individual power structures backed by illegal armed groups and the proliferation of opium economy. Proliferation of landmines and vulnerability to natural disasters such as drought, flood and earthquakes remain a major deterrent to development.
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Programme (APRP)Through dialogue and reconciliation, the Government has extended an open hand to the Anti Government Elements (AGEs) though the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP), offering them a dignified and respectful way to renounce violence, to peacefully reintegrate into their communities and to separate themselves from their past while building a future for themselves, their families, and community.
Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan (JHRA)UNDP aims to boost state capacity, raise awareness among citizens of their legal entitlements and support access to justice for the most vulnerable. We help government ensure that legislation is compliant with international standards and norms, build Ministry of Justice capacity to draft legislation and work with an inter-ministerial task force responsible for taking decisions on human rights.
Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA)In order to strengthen Afghanistan’s ability to maintain law and order, UNDP and the donor community work closely with the Government of Afghanistan to build and maintain a professional police force and implement the reform priorities of the Ministry of Interior Affairs (MOIA). The latest phase of the LOTFA programme began in July 2015 after a lengthy series of consultations among donors, the Government and UNDP. These led to the design of a radically improved project.