Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP)

UNDP Afghanistan: Former insurgents, now reintegrated into their communities.

The collapse of the Taliban regime in 2001 raised great hopes among the people of Afghanistan and the international community of a peaceful, democratic and stable Afghanistan. The country, ravaged by nearly three decades of war, lacked strong working institutions and almost every institution needed to be built from scratch. The Presidential and Parliamentary elections of 2004 and 2005 were watershed events and raised the hope of stabilising the country by ushering in critical reforms in all aspects of Governance including reforming the security sector to enable the provision of peace and security to its citizens.

The experience of these years highlighted the need to develop a comprehensive strategy to engage Afghans of all backgrounds and perspectives in dialogue. In support of this national policy, the Government of Afghanistan (GoA) developed the APRP, a nationally led and implemented program, combining political, security and development dimensions of peace building. The GoA presented the summary Afghan Peace and Reintegration Policy outline at the London Conference in January 2010. In this Conference, the International Community welcomed GoA’s commitment to reinvigorate Afghan-led reintegration efforts by developing and implementing an effective, inclusive, transparent and sustainable national Peace and Reintegration Programme and gave their commitment to establish a Peace and Reintegration Trust Fund (P&RTF) to finance the APRP. A National Consultative Peace Jirga (NCPJ), attended by 1600 delegates, was held in Kabul in June 2010 to discuss the establishment of the APRP framework for national peace. The NCPJ resolution gave a strong mandate to President Karzai to pursue peace and he issued a decree on June 29, 2010 that detailed the APRP structure and directed its implementation.

Following the elections in 2014, there was a peaceful political transition to the National Unity Government under the leadership of President Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah. The new GoA decided to focus its peace program more on high level reconciliation and negotiation in order to try to reach a peace agreement. The vision is to achieve a just and durable peace by reaching a political solution to the conflict, promoting dialogue and taking necessary measures to reintegrate armed opposition groups back into society. A strategy for this approach was approved by APRP Technical Committee during November 2014 signifying support from the APRP donors in realizing this vision of the Government. APRP will be the vehicle to support and facilitate the negotiation process. In driving this process, APRP will continue to focus on consolidating its achievements through efforts at two levels: 1) pursue dialogue at the political level for reaching peace settlement with Taliban and other insurgent groups, including initiatives to create conditions for direct peace negotiations and promote national, regional and international support for Afghan led peace process and 2) continue as the Government’s most viable institution for facilitating the reintegration of armed groups.


APRP is nationally led and implemented and combines the political, security and development dimensions of peace building. The main objective of UNDP Support Project is to provide support for peace building, reconciliation and reintegration efforts in Afghanistan by assisting the High Peace Council (HPC), the Joint Secretariat, the Financial Oversight Committee Secretariat of APRP and partner line ministries. UNDP provides APRP leadership with advice and strategies on peace building, reconciliation, reintegration and peace process support. UNDP assists the Joint Secretariat in the areas of policy advice, planning, capacity development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and the management of the Peace and Reintegration Trust Fund. As part of the trust fund management, UNDP ensures that donor funds are used in the most efficient and effective manner and in accordance with the guidance and endorsements of the Financial Oversight Committee. A crucial area of UNDP assistance is the capacity building of Provincial Joint Secretariat Teams (PJST), with the guidance and support from Provincial Peace Committees (PPC), to reach out to insurgents and encourage their reintegration through disarmament activities, the provision of transitional financial assistance and livelihood skills building

What Have We Accomplished So Far

APRP has become an integral part of the GoA’s vision for peace and reconciliation. The Programme has been on track in pursuing its goals and has evolved to become a National Priority Program (NPP) with a robust structure and implementation capacity at national and sub-national levels. The APRP has recorded significant results with national level negotiations and local peace processes initiated by provincial leaders.

At the strategic and political level, the HPC, with support from its international partners, was able to reach out to the leadership of the insurgency, establish important contacts and address some of the key obstacles and arguments of the Taliban for continuation of the violence. These efforts have largely increased the awareness and knowledge about the peace process, garnered greater public support for peace and most importantly created greater understanding of how the insurgency operates, how it is supported and how to reach out to it. The HPC also launched an extensive outreach in the region to build understanding among key regional players and promote the message of peace and stability in Afghanistan. Through multiple regional and international events and forums, the Council strived to change the perception of the regional countries about Afghanistan. The HPC has tried to convince them that instability in Afghanistan is not in favor of any regional country, but rather poses a serious threat to the stability of the whole region. This resulted in generating increased regional support and opportunities for initiating dialogue with the regional countries and promoting understanding with Afghanistan’s neighbors in support of peace and reconciliation efforts.

At the sub-national level, PPCs, supported by PJSTs, were established to engage in local outreach, negotiations and reintegration programs in 33 provinces across the country. The successful nationwide establishment of PJST and PPCs structures is remarkable and can serve as strong foundation for long term support for peace agreement implementation as well as conflict resolution and prevention efforts at the local level. The PJSTs and PPC’s achieved the following quantitative as of 31 December 2014:

  • 9,512 former combatants have renounced violence, including local commanders and leaders. 
  • 9,320 former combatants have received livelihood support through transitional financial assistance.
  • 156 Small Grants Projects have been implemented and 130 projects have been completed. The projects are designed to provide livelihood assistance to former combatants and to reach out to more than 181,939 beneficiaries in communities around the country.
  • 820 former insurgents and 1,058 community members in eight provinces work on road maintenance jobs provided by the MoPW.
  • 1,965 former insurgents and 3,435 community members (2,220 male and 1,215 female) in 20 provinces have benefited from vocational training projects.
  • 805 former insurgents and 2,867 community members in nine provinces were provided by with labour opportunities implemented by MAIL generated by 57 reforestation projects, 1200 Ha of land in pistachio projects, and 55 irrigation projects.
  1. Project extension from 31 July 2015 to 31 December 2015 is in process.
  2. Window B donors contribution to APRP
  3. Includes USD 1.3 million of accrued interest as of 31 December 2014

Who Finances it?

Donor Name

Contributions in US$

Government of Denmark


Government of Germany


Government of Italy


Government of Japan


Government of Japan Supplementary


Government of Netherlands


Government of South Korea


Government of Spain


UNDP interest


Grand Total


Delivery in previous fiscal year in US$

Dec 2014


Dec 2013


Dec 2012


At a Glance
Start Date:
August 2010
End Date:
December 2015
Geographic Coverage:
Focus Area:
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty (MDG 1)
Chief Technical Advisor:
William Ozkaptan
Implementing Partners:
The Government of Afghanistan’s APRP High Peace Council and Joint Secretariat, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD), Ministry of Public Works MoPW), Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs Martyrs and Disabled (MoLSAMD)
Other Key Partners:
Ministry of Interior (MoI), Ministry of Defence (MoD), National Directorate of Security (NDS) and Independent Directorate for Local Governance (IDLG)
Implementation Modality:
National Implementation
Japan, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, Italy, Denmark, and Republic of South Korea
Total Budget (5 years):
US$ 221,205,252
Donor contribution received:
US$ 131,766,485
Aligned to National Priority Programme (NPP) 21:
Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme
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Leaving a Fighting Life Behind, the Ex-Fighters Enjoying Reunion with their Families and Friends

Since early 2013, close to 700 combatants have surrendered their weapons and reintegrated with their families and communities in eastern provinces of Kunar, Laghman, Nangarhar and Nuristan as a result of concerted efforts of a number of state agencies, including the provincial offices of the High Peace Council and National Directorate of Security, with technical support from UNDP’s Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP).

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Project Document
  • Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) Project Document