Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP)

 Former insurgents, now reintegrated into their communities. Photo © UNDP Afghanistan / 2014

After the collapse of the Taliban regime in 2001, the people of Afghanistan and the international community hoped for peace, democracy and stability. The country had been ravaged by nearly three decades of war and nearly every institution had to be rebuilt from scratch, but the Presidential and Parliamentary elections of 2004 and 2005 were watershed events offering the possibility of critical reforms in all aspects of governance, including the security sector.

The experience of these years highlighted the need to develop a comprehensive strategy to engage Afghans of all backgrounds and perspectives in dialogue. In support of this national policy, the Government developed the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) to combine the political, security and development dimensions of peace building. 

An Afghan Peace and Reintegration Policy was presented by the Government at the London Conference in January 2010. At this conference, the international community welcomed the Government’s commitment to reinvigorating Afghan-led peace and reintegration efforts and committed to establishing a Peace and Reintegration Trust Fund to finance the APRP. 

A National Consultative Peace Jirga, attended by 1,600 delegates, was held in Kabul in June 2010 to discuss the establishment of the APRP framework for national peace. The Jirga’s resolution gave a strong mandate to President Karzai to pursue peace and he issued a decree on 29 June 29 2010 that detailed the APRP structure and directed its implementation.

Response

 Mullah Dawood, a former fighter, handed over his gun and embraced a life of peace in Zabul province. Photo: UNDP Afghanistan / 2015


Following the elections in 2014, there was a peaceful political transition to the National Unity Government under the leadership of President Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah. The new Government decided to focus its peace program on high-level reconciliation and negotiation. The vision is to achieve a just and durable peace by reaching a political solution to the conflict, promoting dialogue and taking measures to reintegrate armed opposition groups back into society. 

A strategy for this approach was approved by the APRP Technical Committee in November 2014 signifying support from donors. APRP is the vehicle to support and facilitate the negotiation process and will continue to consolidate its achievements through efforts at two levels: (a) pursuing dialogue at the political level to reach a peace settlement with the Taliban and other insurgent groups, including initiatives to create conditions for direct peace negotiations and promote national, regional and international support for the Afghan-led peace process, and (b) continuing as the Government’s most viable institution for facilitating the reintegration of armed groups. 

UNDP supports the High Peace Council (HPC), the Joint Secretariat to the HPC, the Financial Oversight Committee Secretariat of APRP and the Provincial Peace Councils and Provincial Joint Secretariat Teams in 33 provinces. 

We advise the APRP leadership on peace building, reconciliation and reintegration, and assist the Joint Secretariat in the areas of policy, planning, capacity development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and the management of the Peace and Reintegration Trust Fund. 

As part of the trust fund management, UNDP ensures that donor funds are used in the most efficient and effective manner and in accordance with the guidance and endorsements of the Financial Oversight Committee. 

UNDP also works with Provincial Joint Secretariat Teams to support Provincial Peace Committees to reach out to insurgents and encourage their reintegration through disarmament activities, the provision of transitional financial assistance and livelihood skills building.

What Have We Accomplished So Far



  • APRP has become a National Priority Program with a robust structure and implementation capacity.
  • The HPC has established important contacts with the leadership of the insurgency. Members, including women, participated in a number of informal talks with Taliban representatives leading up to the first formal talks in July 2015.  These efforts have increased public awareness and support for the peace process and widened understanding of how the insurgency operates, how it is supported and how to reach out to it.
  • Through regional and international events and forums, the HPC has tried to convince countries in the region that instability in Afghanistan poses a serious threat to the stability of the region as a whole. This has resulted in increased regional support and opportunities for initiating dialogue.
  • Provincial Peace Committees have been established to conduct local outreach, negotiation and reintegration in 33 provinces, forming a nationwide structure for peace activities at the local level. 
  • 10,404 former combatants have so far renounced violence and joined the peace and reintegration program. Of these, 10,286 received financial assistance to reintegrate into their communities.
  • 146 small grant projects have been implemented (consisting mostly of small community infrastructure projects). These provided temporary employment to former combatants during reintegration, as well as benefitting over 154,000 local people.
  • 820 former insurgents and 1,058 members of communities where they were reintegrated in 8 provinces worked in road maintenance jobs provided by the Ministry of Public Works and funded by APRP.
  • 1,965 former insurgents and 3,058 members of communities where they were reintegrated in acquired marketable skills through APRP-funded vocational training programs.
  • 805 former insurgents and 2,867 members of communities where they were reintegrated worked on reforestation, irrigation and farming projects implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock and funded by APRP.
  • Women peace activists collected over 250,000 signatures from Afghan women for the “Women Call for Ceasefire and Peace” campaign in February 2015. 

Who Finances it?

Donor name

Amount contributed per year in US$

2015

GOVERNMENT OF REPUBLIC OF KOREA

3,000,000

GOVERNMENT OF UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

5,000,000

2014

GOVERNMENT OF GERMANY

13,507,667

GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

14,997,045

2013

GOVERNMENT OF DENMARK

2,569,813

2012

 GOVERNMENT OF SPAIN

6,666,667

GOVERNMENT OF GERMANY

12,422,360

GOVERNMENT OF REPUBLIC OF KOREA

1,000,000

2011

 GOVERNMENT OF DENMARK

5,391,928

GOVERNMENT OF ITALY

5,683,655

GOVERNMENT OF NETHERLANDS

2,500,000

Delivery in previous fiscal year in US$

Dec 2015

11,669,041

Dec 2014

29,409,502

Dec 2013

46,116,042

Dec 2012

34,390,235

Dec 2011

9,478,883