Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan (JHRA)


The Legal Aid Grant Facility provides free legal assistance to women, children and the poorest men on cases ranging from domestic violence and rape to inheritance disputes, divorce and child protection issues. Photo © UNDP Afghanistan / JHRA / 2014

Most people in Afghanistan face barriers to accessing justice. For those in isolated areas, getting to court can mean travelling for hours, or even days, on difficult and insecure roads. For the poor, transport and legal costs can be too great. For women, discrimination can limit access to fair treatment through both formal and informal channels of justice.

There is only one lawyer for every 11,000 people and a need for greater capacity among legal professionals and relevant government institutions. Legislation is often contradictory or fails to comply with international best practices and Afghanistan’s international obligations. Awareness of human rights and legal procedures is low and compounded by high rates of illiteracy. 

The result is that 80% of disputes are settled by traditional justice bodies, whose verdicts sometimes conflict with human rights standards. Nonetheless, it is crucial for the government to secure popular trust in the justice system if it is to gain legitimacy and lead Afghanistan toward a future free from conflict.

Response


Establishment of a pilot court with trained justice personnel deal with cases of violence against women in line with the Elimination of Violence Against Women law. Photo © UNDP Afghanistan / JHRA / 2014


UNDP aims to boost state capacity, raise awareness among citizens of their legal entitlements and support access to justice for the most vulnerable.

We help government ensure that legislation is compliant with international standards and norms, build Ministry of Justice capacity to draft legislation and work with an inter-ministerial task force responsible for taking decisions on human rights. 

To increase access to legal representation, we have established two legal centres that train and place young lawyers, and we support a Legal Aid Grant Facility that provides free legal assistance to women, children and the poorest men on cases ranging from domestic violence and rape to inheritance disputes, divorce and child protection issues.

We have supported the establishment of a pilot court where trained justice personnel deal with cases of violence against women in line with the Elimination of Violence Against Women law, and we run public advocacy campaigns with an emphasis on women’s rights.

To combat abuses against street vendors, UNDP has assisted in amending relevant laws and producing a draft policy paper on street vendors – a key step toward a formal national policy. We have also supported associations where vendors can come together to discuss problems and raise concerns with local authorities.

What have we accomplished so far



  • Completed Rule of Law Indicator Study to track progress in the justice sector.
  • Translated documents, reviewed laws and developed indicators for international conventions.
  • Offered legal assistance in over 2,500 cases across 8 provinces.
  • Established two Legal Aid Clinics and registered 73 female lawyers.
  • Supported the development of standard operating procedures for police and prosecutors.
  • Secured endorsement of the Elimination of Violence Against Women court proposal by the EVAW Commission and the Office of the Second Vice-President. The High Council of the Supreme Court is currently finalizing the proposal for presentation to the Office of the President, which will enable the establishment of a pilot court in 2016.
  • Commented on food, labour, traffic, municipal and consumer protection laws to improve the legal status of street vendors.
  • Presented a draft policy paper on the legal status of street vendors at a national conference with high-level participation of line ministries. An inter-ministerial working group is now drafting a formal national policy. 
  • Supported monthly meetings between street vendors and local authorities. 
  • Contributed to drafting the Law on Conciliation of Civil Conflicts through workshops with CSOs and international organizations under the leadership of  the Ministry of Justice. Broadcast radio programmes with a focus on women’s rights in 8 provinces. 
  • Broadcast radio programmes with a focus on women’s rights in 8 provinces. 

Who Finances it?

Donor name

Amount contributed per year in US$

2014

Government of Switzerland

900,000

Government of Canada

198,153

Government of Denmark

86,000

Government of Netherlands

1,014,943

2013

Government of Denmark

242,000

Government of Netherlands

1,083,899

Government of Switzerland

1,800,000

2012

Government of Denmark

517,688

Government of Italy

2,000,000

Government if Netherlands

769,991

Delivery in previous fiscal year in US$

Dec 2014

5,087,937

Dec 2013

3,999,707

Dec 2012

1,254,691

At a Glance
Start Date:
January 2013
End Date:
April 2016
Geographic coverage:
Herat, Balkh and Nangarhar
Focus Area:
Rule of Law
SDG:
10: Reduced inequalities and 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions
Implementing Partners:
Ministry of Justice, Supreme Court, Attorney General’s Office, Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission and the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association
Other Key Partners:
Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, EUPOL and UNAMA.
Total Budget:
US$ 34,402,039
Open Data

Detailed information on JHRA and more than 6,000+ UNDP development projects in 177 countries and territories worldwide.

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JHRA Project Summary
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The Project Summary of Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan (JHRA) covers in a two-page PDF document the issues, responses and achievements of this UNDP project in Afghanistan.

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An Afghan government official talks about the free legal aid grant facility

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Afghanistan Independent Bar Association President, Rohullah Qarizadah, on free legal services supported by JHRA

 

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Download this Document
  • Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan Project (JHRA) End of Project Evaluation Final Report

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