Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA)


As Afghanistan rebuilds itself after decades of conflict, it needs a professional national police force capable of enforcing the rule of law, containing crime and protecting the Afghan population.

The institution practically disappeared during the 1990s civil wars and the Taliban regime. It was hastily reorganized from 2002 by the Afghan Interim Government. However, progress was hampered by a lack of funds, police training and basic administrative systems for personnel, procurement and logistics.

Many police officers had little understanding of their responsibilities in a democratizing society and owed their loyalties to warlords. While there has been notable progress, some police officers were known to demand bribes and commit human rights’ abuses against the communities they were meant to protect. This, together with a culture of impunity and a weak judiciary, undermined public confidence in the Afghan government and police. 

Gender segregation in the Afghan society prevents most women and girls from approaching male police officers to report crimes against them; hence the importance of having female police officers staffing units that can investigate incidents of violence against women.

The challenge is to transform a national police force playing a mainly counter-insurgency function into a civilian policing force. Only by continuing to build a professional police force, one that effectively enforces the rule of law, fights crime and provides security to Afghan women and men, can the government ascertain its legitimacy and gain the trust of its own people.


In order to strengthen Afghanistan’s ability to maintain law and order, UNDP helps the country build and maintain a professional police force: the Afghan National Police.

The Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) is a mechanism established in 2002 by UNDP to enable the international community to mobilize resources to strengthen the country’s law enforcement.

Funds are used to pay police officers’ and Central Prison Department guards’ salaries through direct electronic transfer systems, build infrastructure such as police check points, and support the professionalization of police officers—with a special focus on the professionalization of women in the force.

LOTFA also supports the functional and operational capacity of Family Response Units and Gender and Human Rights Units and works with the Ministry of Interior Affairs (MoIA) and other partners to ensure safe and equal working environment for both men and women police.

LOTFA works in the following areas:

Support to police salaries and police infrastructure

  • LOTFA administers the funds for the payment of salaries of more than 145,000 Afghan National Police officers, and over 5,500 uniformed personnel employed by the Central Prisons Department.
  • Procurement, maintenance and operation of non-lethal police equipment and supplies.
  • Construction, rehabilitation and maintenance of police facilities.

Consolidated capacity development and institutional reform

  • Training and institutional reform of the MoIA at the policy, institution and individual levels officers.

Community Policing: building effective police-community partnerships

  • Building service delivery-oriented police-community partnerships based on democratic policing principles.

What have we accomplished so far?

  • LOTFA pays the salaries of about 145,000 Afghan National Police (ANP) personnel and over 5,500 uniformed personnel of the Central Prisons Department (CPD). The Electronic Payroll System (EPS) covers 95 percent of the police force, and 91 percent of CPD guards. Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT) covers 80 percent of salaries for ANP and 94 percent of CPD officers. 
  • LOTFA has supported the construction of 1,350 security checkpoints and refurbished the national police hospital.
  • LOTFA is providing support to more than 100 Family Response Units (FRUs) and 50 Gender Mainstreaming Units (GMUs) in Afghanistan. FRUs investigate domestic violence cases. GMUs ensure MoIA gender-related interventions are implemented at provincial and district level, including the recruitment of women police.
  • In collaboration with NTM-A, nearly 1,500 cadets and Non-Commissioned Officers participated in a six-month advanced police training programme at the Sivas Police Training Centre for Afghanistan, based in Turkey. This is the longest residential training partnership between MoIA, the Government of Turkey, NTM-A and the Government of Japan.
  • Over 200 women police trained in multiple disciplines (self-defence, leadership, gender–based violence prevention, crime investigation, and mediation) in collaboration with EUPOL, UNDP Gender Equality Project, UNDP Justice and Human Rights for Afghanistan and NTM-A/ Combined Security Transition Command (CSTC-A), among other partners.
  • Over 10,300 police officers trained in Code of Conduct organized by LOTFA.
  • Six 119 Emergency Call Centres based in Herat, Jalalabad, Kabul, Kandahar, Lashkar Gar and Mazar-e-Sharif established as well as 31 Information Help Desks Centres to provide the public with information.

Who Finances it?

Donors Amount contributed per year in 2013 in US$
Denmark 11,105,064
Canada (DFAIT) 12,337,397
Czech Republic 51,589
European Union 100,536,001
Finland 5,442,177
Germany 125,121,979
Italy 1,225,014
Japan   620,274,788
Republic of Korea 50,000,000
The Netherlands 14,439,492
Norway 15,942,831
Poland 158,143
SDC (Switzerland) 2,672,832
USA (INL) 5,000,000
USA   854,910,266
UK 29,803,745
Total 1,849,021,318

Delivery in previous fiscal year US$

Dec 2013


Dec 2012


Dec 2011


Dec 2010


At a Glance
Start Date:
January 2011
End Date:
December 2014
Geographic coverage
34 Provinces in Afghanistan
Focus Area:
Rule of Law
Enhance Security (MDG 9)
Programme Manager:
Basil Massey
Implementing Partner:
Ministry of Interior (MoI)
Other Key Partners:
Combined Security Transition Command (CSTC-A), EUPOL, International Police Coordination Board (IPCB), Ministry of Finance, NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan (NTM-A), Sivas Police Training Centre for Afghanistan
Implementation Modality:
National Implementation
Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, European Union, Finland, Germany, Italy, Poland, Republic of Korea, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States of America
Budget for Phase VI:
US$ 1,815,010,485
Open Data

Detailed information on LOFTA and more than 6,000+ UNDP development projects in 177 countries and territories worldwide.

Ba Hum Newsletter - July 2014 Edition
Ba Hum - July 2014 Edition

UNDP and the Interior Affairs Ministry have introduced a regular newsletter which provides updates on activities supported by the Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) aimed at strengthening the Afghan National Police.

View More
Booklet Afghan National Police Code of Conduct
Afghan National Police Code of Conduct

The PDF of the Booklet that UNDP has supported the Ministry of Interior Affairs to produce a pocket booklet setting out Afghanistan’s first Code of Conduct for its national police force.

Afghan National Police Code of Conduct Posters

Educational poster in Dari language that has been jointly produced and is being sent to police stations for public display.

Educational poster in Pashto language that has been jointly produced and is being sent to police stations for public display.

LOTFA Project Summary

The Project Summary of Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) covers in a two-page PDF document the issues, responses and achievements of this UNDP project in Afghanistan.

Project Documents
  • LOTFA - Phase VI Project Document (Part 1) English
  • LOFTA - Phase VI Project Document (Part 2) English