Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA)

Nearly 400 female police return after a 6-month training in Turkey. These officers learned the skills they need to serve their communities and progress on the force. Since 2011, UNDP has sent more than 2,000 police on training programmes funded by Japan. 50% have been female. Photo © Ministry of Interior / 2015

As Afghanistan rebuilds itself after decades of conflict, it needs a professional national police force capable of enforcing the rule of law, containing crime and protecting the Afghan population.

The institution practically disappeared during the 1990s civil wars and the Taliban regime. It was hastily reorganized from 2002 by the Afghan Interim Government. However, progress was hampered by a lack of funds, police training and basic administrative systems for personnel, procurement and logistics.

Many police officers had little understanding of their responsibilities in a democratizing society and owed their loyalties to warlords. While there has been notable progress, some police officers were known to demand bribes and commit human rights’ abuses against the communities they were meant to protect. This, together with a culture of impunity and a weak judiciary, undermined public confidence in the Afghan government and police.

Gender segregation in Afghan society prevents most women and girls from approaching male police officers to report crimes; hence the importance of having female police officers staffing units that can investigate incidents of violence against women.

The challenge is to transform a national police force playing a mainly counter-insurgency function into a civilian policing force, one that effectively enforces the rule of law, fights crime and provides security to Afghan women and men.


Police officers holding LOTFA payroll poster. The aim of these posters is to make police officers aware of how their salaries are paid and, if they have a problem, who to contact and what process to follow. Photo © UNDP Afghanistan / 2015 Photo: UNDP Afghanistan

In order to strengthen Afghanistan’s ability to maintain law and order, UNDP and the donor community work closely with the Government of Afghanistan to build and maintain a professional police force and implement the reform priorities of the Ministry of Interior Affairs (MOIA).

The latest phase of the LOTFA programme began in July 2015 after a lengthy series of consultations among donors, the Government and UNDP. These led to the design of a radically improved project.

This new LOTFA benefits from stronger oversight mechanisms, including the creation of a dedicated fiduciary management office, more stringent monitoring and evaluation systems and increased support to the MOIA’s Office of the Inspector General.

The project has also expanded capacity development for MOIA staff, including HR, IT and financial functions, allowing for a quicker transition of LOTFA activities to government control.

The 18-month extension of LOTFA involves three six-month phases. Each phase will conclude with a review of benchmarks toward transition conducted jointly by the government, donors and UNDP.

LOTFA continues to administer the funds for the payment of salaries of more than 150,000 Afghan National Police officers and over 6,000 uniformed personnel employed by the Central Prisons Department. The funds are transferred from donors to UNDP and then to the Ministry of Finance, which disburses the funds based on payroll data from the MOIA. As such, LOTFA’s performance is dependent on the human resources management, record keeping and accounting capabilities of the Afghan Government, including in inaccessible locations.

At present, 85% of payees are paid through electronic transfer directly to their bank accounts. The remaining 15% live in areas without access to banking services and are paid in cash through a “trusted agent” system, which is also subject to much more rigorous oversight under the new project.

As the top-ranked development agency in the global 2014 Independent Aid Transparency Index, UNDP is committed to keeping partners and the public informed of progress in its intensified efforts to improve LOTFA’s monitoring, transparency and accountability.

Specific LOTFA activities include the following:

Support to payroll management

  • Updating laws and policies in support of independent MOIA payroll management
  • Capacity building for MOIA personnel on HR, finance, IT and other related functions
  • Consolidation of the HR and payroll systems and Improvements to infrastructure

MOIA and police development

  • Capacity development to help the MOIA lead and manage reform as well as improve the performance and accountability of administrative and support services.
  • Capacity development for national institutions to remove the need for international support in this area.

Police professionalization

  • Support to the MOIA to improve training infrastructure for police professionalization
  • Support to police service delivery and outreach activities to promote engagement with the community, including complaints reporting centers, public information desks and Police Women Councils.
  • Support to the training and retention of female police and the creation of a safe and supportive working environment for male and female officers.

What have we accomplished so far?

  • Paid the salaries of more than 150,000 Afghan National Police personnel and uniformed personnel of the Central Prisons Department.
  • Supported the construction of 1,350 security checkpoints and refurbished the national police hospital.
  • Supported more than 100 Family Response Units, which investigate domestic violence.
  • Supported 50 Gender Mainstreaming Units, which investigate domestic violence cases and ensure gender-related interventions are implemented at the provincial and district levels, including the recruitment of women police.
  • Increased the number of Police Women Councils to 70 in 30 provinces. These bring together female officers to share ideas, form networks for mutual support and improve welfare.
  • Helped send 2,584 cadets and Non-Commissioned Officers for advanced police training at the Sivas Police Training Centre in Turkey, including 640 women.
  • Trained more than 10,000 police officers on the Code of Conduct.
  • Established six 119 Emergency Call Centers and 31 Information Help Desks for the public.
  • Connected 33 provincial police headquarters to the Web Based Electronic Payroll System.

Who Finances it?

Donor name

Amount contributed per year in US$


Government of United States of America


Government of Poland


Government of Norway


Government of Netherlands


Government of Japan


Government of Germany


Government of Finland


Government of Denmark


Government of Czech Republic


European Union



Government of Denmark


Government of Finland


Government of Germany


Government of Japan


Government of Netherlands


Government of Republic of Korea


Government of United Kingdom


Government of United States of America



European Union


Government of Czech Republic


Government of Finland


Government of Germany


Government of Japan


Government of Poland


Government of Republic of Korea


Government of United Kingdom


Government of United States of America



Government of Canada


European Union


Government of Denmark


Government of Finland


Government of Germany


Government of Japan


Government of Netherlands


Government of Norway


Government of Switzerland


Government of United Kingdom


Government of United States of America


Delivery in previous fiscal year US$

Dec 2014


Dec 2013


Dec 2012


Dec 2011


At a Glance
Phase VIII Start Date:
1 July 2015
End Date:
30 December 2016
Geographic coverage
Focus Area:
Rule of Law
16: Peace, justice and strong institutions, 5: Gender equality and 10: Reduced inequalities
Implementing Partner:
Ministry of Interior Affairs (MoIA)
Other Key Partners:
Combined Security Transition Command, European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan, International Police Coordination Board, Ministry of Finance, Resolute Support Mission
Implementation Modality:
National Implementation
Australia, Canada, Denmark, the EU, Finland, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, the Republic of Korea, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States
Budget for Phase VIII:
US$ 881,161,959
Open Data

Detailed information on LOFTA and more than 6,000+ UNDP development projects in 177 countries and territories worldwide.

Booklet Afghan National Police Code of Conduct
Afghan National Police Code of Conduct

The PDF of the Booklet that UNDP has supported the Ministry of Interior Affairs to produce a pocket booklet setting out Afghanistan’s first Code of Conduct for its national police force.

Afghan National Police Code of Conduct Posters

Educational poster in Dari language that has been jointly produced and is being sent to police stations for public display.

Educational poster in Pashto language that has been jointly produced and is being sent to police stations for public display.

LOTFA Project Summary

The Project Summary of Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) covers in a two-page PDF document the issues, responses and achievements of this UNDP project in Afghanistan.

View PDF
Project Documents

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