Rule of Law

Security continues to be a major barrier to development in Afghanistan. Some parts of the country remain under the control of antigovernment elements. The UN recorded more civilian casualties in 2016 than in any previous year on record. Over the last decade, UNDP has been supporting the police and the Ministry of Interior Affairs to transition into a civilian service that can fight crime and earn people’s trust.

We currently oversee the trust fund that pays salaries of the Afghan National Police, but we continue to build the capacity within the Minister of Interior Affairs so that they can gradually take over this role. We also assist the ministry to promote human rights and gender equality. It includes programmes to expand community policing, train and support female police, and institute new guidelines, improved oversight and more efficient operations. Access to justice remains limited in Afghanistan and people’s trust in the justice sector is among the lowest of all public sectors. UNDP is building the capacity of government and legal professionals that can help improve legislation to be in line with international standards. We help to harmonize working methods and build a functioning referral mechanism among institutions. We are also developing the capacity of a new court to deal with cases of violence against women.More

Building the Capacity of the Afghan National Police

Gender segregation in the Afghan society prevents most women and girls from approaching male police officers to report crimes against them; hence the importance of having female police officers staffing units that can investigate incidents of violence against women.more


  • Afghanistan Access to Justice (AA2J)

    The justice sector was largely dismantled during the 30-year civil war, leaving justice sector institutions unable to address the needs of the Afghan population and eroding public trust. Despite significant support from the international community, there are still structural weaknesses, institutional corruption and insufficient capacity.more 

  • Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA)

    In order to strengthen Afghanistan’s ability to maintain law and order, UNDP and the donor community work closely with the Government of Afghanistan to build and maintain a professional police force and implement the reform priorities of the Ministry of Interior Affairs (MOIA).more