Rule of Law
Security continues to be a major barrier to development in Afghanistan. Some parts of the country remain under the control of antigovernment elements. The UN recorded more civilian casualties in 2016 than in any previous year on record. Over the last decade, UNDP has been supporting the police and the Ministry of Interior Affairs to transition into a civilian service that can fight crime and earn people’s trust.
We currently oversee the trust fund that pays salaries of the Afghan National Police, but we continue to build the capacity within the Minister of Interior Affairs so that they can gradually take over this role. We also assist the ministry to promote human rights and gender equality. It includes programmes to expand community policing, train and support female police, and institute new guidelines, improved oversight and more efficient operations. Access to justice remains limited in Afghanistan and people’s trust in the justice sector is among the lowest of all public sectors. UNDP is building the capacity of government and legal professionals that can help improve legislation to be in line with international standards. We help to harmonize working methods and build a functioning referral mechanism among institutions. We are also developing the capacity of a new court to deal with cases of violence against women. More
Gender segregation in the Afghan society prevents most women and girls from approaching male police officers to report crimes against them; hence the importance of having female police officers staffing units that can investigate incidents of violence against women. More
The justice sector was largely dismantled during the 30-year civil war, leaving justice sector institutions unable to address the needs of the Afghan population and eroding public trust. Despite significant support from the international community, there are still structural weaknesses, institutional corruption and insufficient capacity. more
The Afghan Government and international community have been working together for well over a decade to build a national police force that can ensure safety and enforce law and order in Afghanistan for all citizens, men and women, young and old, in rural and urban settings. Since 2001, the Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) has been funding police salaries, improving police capacity and developing systems within the Ministry of Interior Affairs (MOIA). The number of police has grown over time, and has now reached more than 150,000. The MOI has a 10-year vision and a 5-year strategy, and filled a significant number of senior and mid-level positions with educated professionals. more