Considerable gains have been made since 2001, despite ongoing conflict in parts of the country. Presidential elections were held in 2004, 2009 and 2014. Government services have expanded in quality and scope and women are represented in some leadership positions at the national and subnational levels.
However, as Afghanistan continues its journey toward self reliance, more progress is needed on issues of corruption and accountability. The role of parliament and subnational institutions must be consolidated, and state services need to be extended and responsive to all citizens.
UNDP assists government institutions to become more effective and accountable to the public. We work with ministries, parliament, civil society and other partners to make sure that institutions at all levels have clearer roles and responsibilities, are better at budgeting and planning and can deliver a greater range and quality of services to communities across the country.
To assist in strengthening the primary civil service, we undertake capacity building efforts across a range of national and subnational offices, while ensuring that this work does not lead to capacity substitution. By bolstering legitimate and inclusive political and constitutional processes – including support for Afghanistan’s first fully Afghan-led elections in 2014 and support to the electoral reform process in 2015 – we foster a governance environment that is more conducive to promoting human rights, gender equality, security, jobs and household income.