Establishing Integrated Models of Protected Areas in Afghanistan (EIMPA)

UNDP_AF_Livelihood_28022018
Ayan Beg is a ranger in Wakhan National Park. Ayan started hunting in the mountains with his father when he was 14 years old. Now 36, he is working for the Wildlife Conservation Society, and his job is to protect animals instead of kill them. Ayan Beg himself, after learning about the importance of species conservation at a WCS meeting, put his poaching gun away forever, and signed up as a WCS ranger, alongside 50 other residents of Wakhan. “I regret killing so many wild sheep and goats”, said Ayan. “But now I am proud of protecting them” Photo: © UNDP / S. Farhad Zamai

 

Background

Decades of conflict and uncontrolled logging have decimated Afghanistan’s forests. Once tree cover dips below 15 percent it is impossible to prevent topsoil erosion and maintain air quality, but in Afghanistan coverage is already down to 3 percent. If current trends continue, all forests are likely to disappear in the next 30 years.

As the forests disappear, so do other plants and animals, including many endangered species. This loss affects food security, resilience to natural disasters, energy security and access to clean water and raw materials. It is particularly devastating for the 85 percent of Afghans who live in rural areas and rely on natural resources to make a living.
The Afghan government had an ambitious plan to increase the proportion of forest from 2 percent to 10 percent by 2017. However, institutions lack the resources, outreach and staff capacity to enforce anti-logging legislation in most parts of the country. Illegal logging, combined with limited understanding of the value of biodiversity, remains the most immediate threat to forests and the livelihoods of those who depend on them.

The government has recognized four natural sites as areas requiring special protection – Band-e-Amir National Park, Big Pamir Wildlife Reserve, Teggermansu Wildlife Reserve and the Wakhan Conservation Area. But protected areas will have no real impact on biodiversity unless their size is increased, and measures are put in place to ensure sustainability.

Response

UNDP supports National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) and Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) through the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) to manage and expand protected areas in Afghanistan. 

We work with government other stakeholders to develop and test regulations protecting forests, and provide economic incentives to preserve soil fertility, watershed stability and forage productivity for local communities. Over the next year we will scale up these approaches to expand benefits to communities who live outside of protected areas.

We bring communities together to have their say on how natural resources are managed, and we help communities adapt to droughts and floods that threaten livelihoods and the environment.

What we have accomplished so far?

  • Clear procedures are in effect to establish new protected areas in Afghanistan and enshrine them in law.
  • Protected area management plans are drafted and endorsed for the Wakhan Conservation Area and the Teggermansu Wildlife Reserve in preparation for their formal legal establishment.
  • Sound protected area management is implemented for the four pilot areas by bringing together communities and local authorities to jointly manage forests through structures that are supported at the national, provincial and local level.
  • Long-term monitoring and evaluation systems are in place for protected area management, target species and ecosystems.
  • Community based natural resource management plans are integrated into protected area management plans

Status:

Ongoing

Project start date:

October 2013

Estimated end date:

December 2018

Focus area:

  • democratic governance
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Afghanistan

    Implementing partner:

    International Non-Governmental

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Amount contributed

    $8,525,738

    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2018 $504,231

    2017 $1,931,057

    2016 $1,900,960

    2015 $1,825,306

    2014 $0

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