Launch of the HDR 2020 in Kabul was co-organized by UNDP Afghanistan and the Swedish Embassy in Kabul. The report includes a new experimental index on human development which takes into account countries’ carbon emissions and material footprint.
According to the new report, Afghanistan’s HDI value for 2019 is 0.511, which puts the country in the lowest human development category, positioned at 169 out of 189 countries and territories. Between 1990 and 2019, Afghanistan’s HDI value increased from 0.302 to 0.511, an increase of 69.2 percent. Afghanistan’s life expectancy at birth increased by 14.5 years, whereas mean years of schooling (average number of years of education of population aged 25 and older) increased by 2.4 years, and expected years of schooling increased by 7.6 years. Afghanistan’s GNI per capita decreased by approximately 10 percent between 1990 and 2019.
Afghanistan’s 2019 HDI is below the average for countries in the ‘low human development group’ and below the average of countries in South Asia. The 2019 female HDI value for Afghanistan is 0.391 in contrast with 0.593 for males highlighting a significant gender gap.Launch of UNDP Country COVID19 Socio-economic Impact Assessment Note-4 was widely covered by national media including two International Media. There have been 28 media piece in four languages (Farsi, Pashto, English and Uzbeki) in 10 the national and international media outlets about COVID19 Socio-economic Impact Assessment Note IV launch which is a considerably significant coverage.