Matiullah works in a local garment factory. He is a fortunate trainee of UNDP’s Support Afghanistan Livelihoods and Mobility (SALAM) project. © UNDP Afghanistan / S. Omer Sadaat / 2019

Matiullah was two and a half years old, lying in her mother’s arms, when the rocket hit.

Accompanied by a deafening blast, the ceiling collapsed on them in a shower of wood and earth. They could see nothing in the clouds of dust.

“We just heard an echoing sound and boom!” says his mother, Roogul Bibi. “Both Matiullah and me were injured.”

The rocket attack happened in 1992, at the start of Afghanistan’s long and bloody civil war, and left Matiullah with mental and physical scars, as well as a permanent disability. After that, Roogul took her family to Pakistan to escape the violence. The young Matiullah sold water on the streets for two rupees a glass, and later sold food at the market.

After the security situation improved in 2008, the family moved back to Afghanistan. Today, Matiullah, 29, lives with his father in the city of Jalalabad in Nangarhar province, eastern Afghanistan.

And his life has turned around.

His fears of lifelong unemployment did not come to pass. Instead, early in 2019, an elder in his village told him about a training programme in a local garment factory and encouraged him to apply.

UNDP’s Support Afghanistan Livelihoods and Mobility (SALAM) project, implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, and funded by the Government of Finland, is creating real difference in the lives of vulnerable people of Afghanistan.

Matiullah and his trainer in a local garments factory in Jalalabad. © UNDP Afghanistan / S. Omer Sadaat / 2019

The SALAM project supports trainees for six months. The first three months is on-the-job training, where the Afghanistan Centre for Excellence (ACE), a job-creation contractor of the SALAM project, is responsible for paying the wages.

“I was so thankful that the SALAM project helped me achieve my dream of becoming a tailor,” Matiullah says.

He’s learning to make shirts, suits, and graduation uniforms and is now making a far better living than he did when he was a refugee in Pakistan. He received US$120 for the first two months and US$180 for the third month. Once trainees successfully complete three months, the second phase of job placement begins. When employed, ACE pays 30 percent of the salary and the employer picks up the remainder.

The money is an important source of pride and self esteem for Matiullah, because he can now support his loved ones.

“I am earning and fulfilling the whole family’s needs,” he says.

As Matiullah sees his options expand, he has increased the scale of his ambition, hoping to use and build on his skills to eventually become a business owner.

“I have plans for the future,” he says. “I would like to open a small tailoring shop of my own.”

There are 25 trainees working at the factory, and most of them are likely to end up permanently employed there.

Facing poor prospects, for economic or other reasons, talented and educated Afghans have in the past chosen to migrate to neighbouring countries. Many are now returning. The SALAM project hopes to provide a path for returnees and internally displaced persons to find fulfilling work and prosperity. The project makes a special effort to include vulnerable groups such as women, young people and those living with disabilities.

Matiullah is leading the way — living proof that it can be done.

“Like me, there are many others living with disabilities. Old and young people are unemployed. I ask the SALAM project to continue their work; help all these poor people, just like they helped me,” he says.

© UNDP / S. Omer Sadaat / 2019
© UNDP / S. Omer Sadaat / 2019
© UNDP / S. Omer Sadaat / 2019
© UNDP / S. Omer Sadaat / 2019

"Never Lose Hope"

The people of Afghanistan call Jalalabad the ‘evergreen’ city, due to its temperate climate. It’s known for its citrus fruit, cane-processing, honey, olive processing, sugar-refining and paper-making industries.

The SALAM project is rapidly expanding throughout the city. Three hundred people are receiving training in entrepreneurship, 600 men and women benefit from vocational training, and 200 have participated in job-creation programmes.

Having experienced unemployment himself, Matiullah would like to be an inspiration to everyone he knows. His message to others is, “Never lose hope and don’t give up on life easily. Be brave — you can do more than you can imagine.”

With funding from the Government of Finland, the Support Afghanistan Livelihoods and Mobility (SALAM) project is implemented as a joint intervention between UNDP, ILO and UNHCR and in full partnership with the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) to reflect the common goals of a variety of actors while recognizing and maintaining their separate mandates and areas of expertise and to seek durable solutions for Afghans in line with the Government’s vision and strategies for employment generation and labour migration.

Matiullah's story in a 2-minute video


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